What are fungal infections?

Fungal infection in humans is common. They are usually confined to the outer layer of the skin. They can infect the trunk and limbs, groin ('jock itch'), hands, scalp, nails and feet (athelete's foot). The appearance varies depending on the site. A well-recognized pattern is patches with a red and scaly border and clear centre which creates a ring pattern called 'ringworm'.

How can fungal infections be diagnosed and treated?

Skin scrapings and nail clippings can be taken and sent away for analysis. Minor fungal infections respond to anti-fungal creams, sprays and powders. If the infection is extensive, then anti-fungals tablets may be needed. Fungal infection of the nails does not need to be treated. If they become uncomfortable or embarrassing then a nail laquer or anti-fungal treatment can be tried.


Fungal Infection (Toe Web)
Fungal Infection (feet)